Over the last four centuries or more the art of painting onto canvas has become prolific starting in Italy (Venice) in the 16th century and then in Northern Europe a century later, until then painting on wooden panels was the preferred medium (Italian painter - Andrea Mantegna (c. 1431–September 13, 1506) was one of the first artists to move mediums and into painting onto canvas) but, having said that, the first recorded oil onto canvas was a French Madonna with Angels in 1410 held in Gemaldegalerie Berlin.
The first and most popular canvases used at that time was Venetian sail canvas, what they used for their ships and boats and was considered the best quality for oil paintings, then Linen became popular as well as cotton duck or simply referred to as what we know as 'cotton canvas', specifically considered the easiest and most durable for oil painting onto canvas, also cotton is more robust for stretching a canvas around a wooden frame (instead of choosing to have the traditional frame style showing as a main feature on the outside perimeter of the canvas), being stretched around an inner frame, which is a very popular style referred to today as gallery wrap.
Oil painting from a photograph started to come to fruition after 1829 when the first photograph was actually taken which revolutionised the historical record, in that paintings were know longer the only medium used for retrospective visual history. Which when the quality of the photo's resolution got better artists could then use this medium as a reference for their oil painting from photograph.
Which taken forward to the present day, with design programmes and graphic designers you can now fuse different photos into one, different people, places added into the on then at great length the artist can see all the details to translate onto canvas by hand, professionally, from an edited photo.
All of the classics throughout history from Di Vinci - Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci (April 15, 1452 – May 2, 1519 to Piccasso - Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Ruiz y Picasso (25 October 1881 – 8 April 1973) or just Pablo Picasso can also be replicated by a professional to a very exacting standards as you would expect as long as they are out in the public domain and there is no copyright shown on the picture for your replicated oil painting from photograph.